Image shared by @nikkiiraye
Everyone has a predominant skin type. Some people might find their skin type is affected by environmental factors, like weather changes and elevation, or internal factors, like hormonal shifts and the natural progression of age. It’s imperative to choose the right skin care product for your skin type and engage in a regular skincare routine to keep your skin healthy, firm, and supple.
What is Combination Skin?
Combination skin type is the combo of the two main skin types, oily skin, and dry skin. Combination skin is typically characterized by skin that is oily on the nose, chin, and forehead—otherwise known as the T zone—but the skin is dry elsewhere, like the cheeks and along the jaw.
When your skin type is combination skin, it means you have to build a beauty regimen that addresses more than one issue at a time. Finding the happy medium between an oily skin care routine and a skin routine for dry skin. This can make things challenging, as you may have to try more than one skin care product before you find a solution that works.
What Causes Combination Skin?
There are lots of factors that impact skin type, but genetics plays the biggest role in determining what kind of skin you have. However, genetics is not the only factor.
Other things can contribute to your skin type too, such as environmental toxins, physical stress, and hormone fluxes. Not to mention, if you happen to be using the wrong products for your skin type, you could be unwittingly making your problems worse.
That’s why it’s so important to experiment with different skin care products, because there’s no “be all, end all” solution for combination skin type. The reality is that you have two skin types on one face. Therefore you have to take care of both skin types properly for your healthy skin to stay balanced and youthful looking.
What are Signs of Combination Skin?
Combo skin means that even after washing your face, you might notice some greasiness in your T zone area that pops back up through the day. If you use a moisturizer, you probably feel as though you have to blot those areas with excess facial oil frequently.
You also might notice unwanted shine along the T zone and find that when you get hot, that’s the place you really start to sweat. People with combination skin can also get both patchy areas of dry skin and breakouts, especially if you aren’t using the right skincare product on the right areas.
What Products are Good for Combination Skin?
The key for great combo skin products is finding a balance between those that moisturize areas that are dry, without making your face greasy in areas prone to more sebum production and shine. Sometimes you have to use products for more than one skin type to adequately address your sensitive skincare routine needs because most products are formulated for either dry skin or oily skin.
Look for products that have natural ingredients, including natural fragrances. Chemically produced fragrances can be extremely irritating to dry skin areas, stirring up inflammation and prompting more clogged pores and breakouts.
Products labeled non-comedogenic are designed to keep pores from clogging and may be best for those with combo skin. Anything that’s too heavy, even if it helps your dry areas, will not be kind to the places on your face prone to excess facial oil.
What Moisturizer is Good for Combination Skin?
Unfortunately, you might have to try more than one type of moisturizer to really find what’s most effective. For areas like your cheeks and jawline, you might try a heavier, creamier moisturizer to give dry skin the extra hydration it thirsts for.
However, in your T zone, you’ll want to spread a moisturizer that is light-weight and water-based, so you don’t add any extra shine, but your healthy skin still stays soft and supple.
You can also try a two pronged approach. Start with a light-weight formula over your whole face, but then add a thicker moisturizer or face serum to the areas of your face that are more vulnerable to dryness.
Just don’t skip the moisturizer altogether. Every skin type needs moisturizer, it’s just a matter of finding the right one—or two—that keeps your skin hydrated without exacerbating problem areas.
What's the Best Skin Care Routine for Combination Skin?
There’s no one-size-fits-all solution when trying to develop a good skin care routine. Everyone is different, with different needs. Finding the perfect skin care routine takes some trial and error but with commitment, you’ll find what works for your skin type.
Step 1: Gently Clean Your Face
Start every skin care regimen with cleansing. Using a cleanser is like turning your face into a blank canvas, ready to take on the world. During the night, your face has had a chance to create impurities and produce excess oil. A morning routine that starts with a gentle cleanser is so important, so that you can remove those impurities and prepare your face for the next step in your skin care routine.
In the evening, you can double cleanse by using an oil cleanser first, to remove grime and pollutants that have collected on your skin through the day, as well as remove makeup and any residual sunscreen.
Then follow up with your regular facial cleanser. A foaming cleanser is a good choice, as are gel cleansers. Cream cleansers or a cleansing lotion works exceptionally well for combination skin type. Consider trying one that’s water-soluble for optimal results.
Step 2: Gently Exfoliate Your Face
Don’t go overboard on exfoliating. A gentle exfoliator is great for unclogging pores and removing dead skin cells, but if you use one that’s too harsh you will negate any positive effects and possibly trigger additional inflammation.
A regular exfoliation practice also helps increase cell turnover, helping to smooth your skin and even out your skin tone. It’s best to exfoliate in the morning, and stick to just 1-3 times a week.
You can also try a leave-on exfoliant with BHA as a gentler alternative to scrubs or brushes to reduce oil, unclog pores, and smooth skin that’s dry and flaky. Try looking for one that is a gel or water-based formula.
Step 3: Apply an Essence, Booster, and/or Serum
Skin boosters and essences are designed to give your skin an extra boost of nourishment and hydration, to help strengthen and stabilize your skin’s barrier
Strengthening your skin’s natural barrier helps equip it to stand firm against environmental irritants and toxins. Serums are typically used to target something specific, such as inflammation, uneven pigmentation, and tiny lines, and they really help to customize your beauty routine.
Both of these are a great step to add to your skincare regime. A retinol serum plays well with combination skin and doesn’t usually make your skin too dry or too oily, but helps maintain a happy medium.
Essences are similar to a serum and basically work to balance and hydrate your skin, so that it’s ready to fully absorb the next skincare product you apply. Some essences are aimed at moisturizing, but others are also designed to exfoliate and help brighten your complexion.
Step 4: Apply an Eye Cream
The skin around your eyes is extremely delicate and vulnerable to damage. Eye cream is essential in delivering nourishment and hydration to reduce the signs of fine lines and aging, as well as prevent dehydration and dark, unsightly circles. You don’t have to use a lot and you shouldn’t rub too hard when you’re applying it, but it’s definitely a step you don’t want to skip if you want to maintain a fresh, youthful look.
Step 5: Apply a Moisturizer
Moisturizing combination skin can be tricky. You don’t want to apply anything too heavy, as that will only increase the shine in your T zone. You also want to make sure the drier areas of your skin are getting plenty of hydration.
Try a lightweight cream during the day, and at night consider applying an emollient serum or a gel moisturizer that’s chock full of antioxidants and other goodies for your skin to thrive.
Step 6: Don’t Forget the SPF
Protecting yourself from sun damage helps to slow down signs of aging. Think of it as a preventative measure. While you can’t stop aging, you can age gracefully. To protect combination skin, look for formulas that are lightweight and have a matte finish. A tinted moisturizer with SPF of at least SPF 30 or higher is perfect if you want a golden glow while still protecting your face.
Remember that finding your perfect combination skincare routine might require some experimentation at first. You may have to mix and match different products to come up with the perfect concoction to manage your combination skin effectively. However, the most important thing is to establish a regular beauty routine and stick to it. You can adjust your formulas based on your skin’s current needs as you go.